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The Kingdom of Chelmis: Architecture, Material Culture, and the Modern Landscape of the Western Argolid

Cover of the Journal of Field Archaeology
William Caraher
Journal of Field Archaeology
January 2020

Fieldwork at the settlement of Chelmis in the Western Argolid provides a case study in the archaeological documentation of the Modern landscape of Greece. Over the last 40 years, archaeologists have recognized that the study of Modern assemblages contributes to our understanding of the formation processes that produce surface artifact scatters. This article combines conventional approaches to studying the Modern Greek landscape with insights from the developing field of historical archaeology in Greece. In addition to describing the methods we used to record Modern architecture and associated artifacts at Chelmis, our work demonstrates the value of Modern sites as windows into both site formation processes and the complexities of the Modern Greek material record.