Walter Scheidel
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Walter Scheidel

Dickason Professor in the Humanities
Professor of Classics and History
Chair, Department of Classics

Walter Scheidel's research ranges from ancient social and economic history and premodern historical demography to the comparative and transdisciplinary world history of inequality, state formation, and human welfare. He is particularly interested in connecting the humanities, the social sciences, and the life sciences. 

The world's most cited Roman historian in an active faculty position, Scheidel is the author or (co-)editor of 21 books, has published more than 260 articles, chapters, and reviews, and has been invited to lecture in 35 countries. His most recent books are The Oxford World History of Empire (2 vols., 2021, co-edited with Peter Bang and the late Christopher Bayly), Escape from Rome: The Failure of Empire and the Road to Prosperity (2019), The Science of Roman History: Biology, Climate, and the Future of the Past (2018, ed.), The Great Leveler: Violence and the History of Inequality from the Stone Age to the Twenty-First Century (2017; 14 translations), On Human Bondage: After Slavery and Social Death (2017, co-edited with John Bodel), State Power in Ancient China and Rome(2015, ed.), and Fiscal Regimes and the Political Economy of Premodern States (2015, co-edited with Andrew Monson). Other key publications include Rome and China: Comparative Perspectives on Ancient World Empires (2009, ed.), The Cambridge Economic History of the Greco-Roman World (2007, co-edited with Ian Morris and Richard Saller), and Death on the Nile: Disease and the Demography of Roman Egypt (2001). He has also written for the New York Times, Financial Times, Atlantic, Economist, Le Monde, Foreign Affairs, Boston Globe, Huffington Post, Spectator, and other media outlets.

Scheidel has finished a new book on the past, present, and future of the study of ancient history, is working on a series of papers on the Roman imperial monarchy in global comparative context and on ancient slave prices, and is planning books on ancient demography, the ancient histories of the Americas compared to those of Afroeurasia, and counterfactual history. He launched a collaborative research initiative for the comparative study of ancient Mediterranean and Chinese empires, co-founded the Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics, created the interactive web site Orbis: The Stanford Geospatial Network Model of the Roman World, which has received millions of visits and attracted international media coverage, and is an editor of the monograph series Oxford Studies in Early Empires and a former editor of the journal Historia. For about a decade Scheidel taught as a Catherine R. and Daniel L. Grossman Fellow in Stanford's Human Biology program. He was awarded a New Directions Fellowship by the Mellon Foundation and a Guggenheim fellowship, and is a Corresponding Member of the Austrian Academy of Sciences.

Research Interest(s)
Research Subfields
Ancient Roman History
Digital Humanities
Building 110, Room 215
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